ERIC Number: ED176465
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-May
Reference Count: N/A
Focal and Incidental Learning to Visually and Auditorily Presented Material in Learning Disabled and Normal Children at Two Age Levels.
Quay, Lorene C.; Weld, Gary L.
Research on selective attention in learning disabled (LD) children is reviewed, and a study comparing the selective attention performance of 60 7-and 12-year-old LD and normal children to visual and auditory stimuli is reported. Each S was tested for focal and incidental memory individually in either the auditory or visual mode of stimulus presentation. All Ss were administered the Matching Familiar Figures (MFF) test of reflection-impulsivity. LD Ss were also administered two subtests of the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Ability (visual and auditory sequential memory). Results supported other studies which indicated no difference between LD and normal Ss on selective attention as measured by recall of focal and incidental stimuli. LD Ss, however, did not become more attentive with age to visual stimuli, as both LD and normal Ss did with auditory stimuli. Normal and LD Ss differed on the MFF error but not on MFF latency measure, calling into question the construct validity of the MFF latency score. No clear relationship was found between selective attention and reflection-impulsivity as measured by the MFF. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. Dept. of Early Childhood Education.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Matching Familiar Figures Test