ERIC Number: ED176400
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
A Case for Underground Schools.
Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City.
The underground school offers several advantages. Preliminary studies in Oklahoma have shown that these schools perform exceptionally well as learning environments. The lack of noise and distractions helps teachers keep the attention of their students. Underground structures can protect people against a broad range of natural and man-made disasters, and schools offer the additional advantage that they are generally located central to the highly populated regions where emergency shelters may be most needed. In many cases, these shools were built with the understanding that the schools would provide sanctuary for the community in the event of tornadoes. There are indications that revenue requirements for energy and maintenance of underground schools are likely to be significantly less than requirements for comparable above ground schools. There are possibilities of making dual use of available land by building underground. Case studies of 12 schools show capacity, construction costs, floor plans, and photographs. (Author/MLF)
Descriptors: Attitudes, Building Plans, Climate, Construction Costs, Educational Facilities Design, Elementary Secondary Education, Emergency Programs, Energy Conservation, Fallout Shelters, Land Use, School Safety, Space Utilization, Thermal Environment, Underground Facilities, Windowless Rooms
Administrator, School Plant Services, State Department of Education, 2500 North Lincoln Blvd., Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DOD), Battle Creek, MI.
Authoring Institution: Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City.
Identifiers - Location: Oklahoma