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ERIC Number: ED176303
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-May
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Derivation and Use of Sentence Formulae in Composition.
Bowers, F.
Formulae in composition can be derived and applied through a three-part process: first, analyzing passages and deriving formulae; second, writing sentences from formulae; and third, writing a composition using only sentences derivable from the formulae. Student participation in all three parts provides better motivation and demonstrates to students that grammatical terminology and analysis have some practical point. To analyze composition, a short passage that clearly performs the function for which it was intended is selected. Each sentence of the passage is then copied on a separate file card and every finite verb structure is underlined. The kinds of sentences used are identified, with the main clauses of complex and compound sentences marked. Finally, each main clause is analyzed into its principal constituents along with accompanying structures. Once all sentences have been analyzed and sorted into similar clause structures, the optional structures which accompany the most frequent main clause in the passage are identified, and a formula is written which briefly expresses all this information. Students practice writing single sentences from the formulae until the process is clear, and then write their own compositions. From an examination of many passages of different functions, it is clear that there is a close correlation between function, sentence structure, and distribution of sentence kinds, and the formulae and proportions of use merely reflect the style of each function. (AEA)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Council of Teachers of English (12th, Ottawa, Canada, May 8-11, 1979)