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ERIC Number: ED176186
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
How Failure Strikes Men and Women.
Kipnis, Dorothy McBride; Kidder, Louise H.
Reactions of men and women to failure in sex-appropriate and sex-inappropriate tasks were examined through performance records, self-ratings of learning progress, and attributions of performance to effort and ability. Fear of success studies show that individuals may avoid success where success is sex-inappropriate. It was thought that failure might not be so bad if the task was sex-innappropriate anyway. Results show this. Both men and women suffered less impairment in actual performance after failure feedback when they thought their task was sex-inappropriate. However, only women absorbed the failure message, as indicated by self-ratings of progress in learning. The sex difference is examined in terms of sex-differentiated use of the attribution process. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Organizational Effectiveness Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978)