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ERIC Number: ED176090
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Implications of Changing Family Patterns and Behavior for Labor Force and Hardship Measurement. Background Paper No. 16.
Watts, Harold W.; Skidmore, Felicity
Two major points are discussed concerning the implications of changing family patterns and behavior for labor force and hardship measurement. First, since household income is not restricted to the earnings of one individual, economic hardship cannot be measured by labor force statistics. Arguing that the poverty count is the appropriate measure of economic hardship, a recommendation is made for the collection of more detailed data on unearned household income and on taxes to improve the accuracy of the poverty count. Second, due to shifts in the demographic composition of the labor force and in the life cycle timing of education-work retirement, the use of traditional employment and unemployment statistics to measure the social costs of underutilization is viewed as being no longer valid. To fill these data needs, a recommendation is made for the regular collection of data on the productive uses of time by adults classified according to previous employment history. (JH)
Descriptors: Data Collection, Economic Factors, Economic Research, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Statistics, Family Income, Family Structure, Labor Force, Labor Utilization, Measurement Techniques, Poverty, Social Change, Social Influences, Unemployment
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock Number 052-003-00642-1)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Commission on Employment and Unemployment Statistics.