ERIC Number: ED175948
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Level I and Level II Abilities in Asian, White and Black Children.
Jensen, Arthur R.; Inouye, Arlene R.
In a study in which Asian-American, white, and black children in grades 2-6 in a California school district were given a battery of tests including measures of IQ, scholastic achievement, and short-term memory, factor analysis of the tests yielded two main factors identified as Level I (memory) and Level II (general intelligence) in Jensen's system. The three ethnic groups were compared with one another on uncorrelated Level I and Level II factor scores. At every grade level, bivariate means of the three groups occupy distinctly different quadrants in the factor space. Asians and whites differ significantly on Level I but not on Level II. Asians and blacks differ significantly on Level II but not on Level I. Whites and blacks differ significantly on both Levels I and II, but the white-black difference on Level I is less than one-fourth as large as the white-black difference on Level II. A similar pattern of group differences is found for scores on tests of memory and nonverbal IQ. Scholastic achievement shows much smaller correlations with the Level I than with the Level II factor. (Author/EB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For a related document, see ED 080 646; Not available in paper copy due to print quality of the original document