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ERIC Number: ED175742
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 33
Abstractor: N/A
The Origination of Some Prominent Curriculum Slogans: The Side Effect of Behavioral Sciences?
Harbo, Torstein
The paper explores origins of and behavioral science influences on three educational slogans: (1) structure, (2) learning by discovery, and (3) any subject can be taught. These slogans can be traced through four stages. Stage I consisted of practical reform projects of the early 1950s. These projects were marked by a wish to strengthen content and maximize development of the student learning process. Concepts were defined descriptively and stipulatively and were oriented toward subject matter. Reports from the Woods Hole Curriculum Conference in 1959, which formed the basis of Stage II, attempted to analyze and evaluate major curriculum projects and ascertain implications for curriculum development. This stage showed an emphasis on psychology, little emphasis on content, and the emergence of structure and learning by discovery. Stage III, which is exemplified by "The Process of Education," Jerome Bruner 1960, concentrated on programmatic definitions, urged research, and suggested that any subject can be taught. Stage IV comprised attempts to develop programs based on simplified interpretations of Bruner's research. During this stage, Bruner's definitions and concepts became reduced to slogans. Findings from analysis of these four stages indicates that educational discourse and curriculum changed concurrently, moving from an emphasis on the logical and psychological aspects of education to an emphasis on psychological aspects only. It is concluded that when these definitions became simplified, they emerged as educational slogans. (CK)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper to be presented at Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979); Not available in paper copy from EDRS due to small print type throughout original document