ERIC Number: ED175579
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Maternal Employment on Sex-Role Differentiation in Preschoolers.
Seegmiller, Bonni R.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether maternal employment affects sex role differentiation in preschoolers, and whether this relationship varies as a function of the sex of the child, father's presence or absence, and/or the sex of the child's siblings. Three hundred ninety-eight children (198 females, 200 males), whose mean age was 51.2 months, were tested. The dependent measure consisted of a maximally reliable composite Z score derived from five tests (Draw-A-Person, Occupational Preference, Nadleman Recall, Toy Preference, It-Scale for Children). The fact of the mother's working and the social status of her occupation were unrelated to sex-role differentiation, regardless of whether (1) the child was a girl or a boy; (2) had brothers, sisters, both, or was an only child; or (3) came from an intact or nonintact family. However, the main effect for sex and the sex of child x sex of sibling interaction were significant. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A