ERIC Number: ED175566
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Influences on Toddler Peer Behavior in Two Types of Daycare.
Howes, Carollee; Rubenstein, Judith L.
Peer social behaviors and interaction were observed in day care centers and family day care homes in order to examine the influences of experience and environment. The naturally occurring behaviors of forty toddlers and their peers were time sampled in day care settings. Day care facilities were community based and varied in group size, age composition, and the number and type of play objects. Experience with preschoolers as siblings or playmates and aspects of the inanimate environment in different day care settings influenced peer behavior. Small, mixed age groups in family day care facilitated talking. Center toddlers with older siblings engaged in more prosocial behaviors. Peer play was more complex when using nonportable objects in day care centers and space relationships in family day care. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Age Groups, Comparative Analysis, Day Care, Educational Equipment, Environmental Influences, Family Day Care, Infants, Interpersonal Competence, Peer Influence, Peer Relationship, Preschool Children, Siblings, Social Behavior, Social Influences, Socialization, Toddlers, Verbal Communication
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Based on portions of a dissertation submitted to Boston University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Ph.D. degree; Shorter versions were presented at the International Conference for Infant Studies (Providence, Rhode Island, 1978) and the Eastern Psychological Association Meetings (Washington, D.C., 1978)