ERIC Number: ED175523
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Lasting Effects After Preschool. Summary Report.
Lazar, Irving; And Others
The findings of several longitudinal studies of low income children who participated in experimental preschool intervention programs over the past decade and a half are summarized in this report. The data resulting from these studies are organized into four categories: (1) preschool effects on target children's later school performances, including retention in grade, significant changes in achievement and intelligence test scores, and assignment to special education classes in the primary grades; (2) attitudes and values of the children and parents involved in the program related to children's achievement motivation and self-esteem and parents' aspirations for their children; (3) kinds of preschool programs that were most effective in helping the target children avoid placement in special education classes; (4) determinants of special education placements. Data showed that the early education programs studied apparently had lasting effects in the following areas: reduced number of target children assigned to special education classes; reduced number of children retained in grade; higher achievement test scores for children at the fourth grade level; higher IQ scores for target children than controls (in three projects); higher achievement oriented attitudes and values. All programs were found to be about equally effective in helping target children avoid special education placement. (SE)
Descriptors: Achievement Rating, Aspiration, Data Analysis, Disadvantaged Youth, Early Childhood Education, Educational Research, Grade Repetition, Intelligence, Intervention, Longitudinal Studies, Low Income Groups, Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Special Education, Special Programs, Summative Evaluation, Underachievement
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Human Ecology at Cornell Univ.; Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.
Note: For related documents, see PS 148 471-472, and PS 010 898