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ERIC Number: ED175419
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Discriminating between Failures and Graduates in a Computer-Managed Course Using Measures of Cognitive Styles, Abilities, and Aptitudes. Interim Report, May 1977-April 1978.
Federico, Pat-Anthony; Landis, David B.
The objective of this study was to identify those cognitive characteristics that best differentiate the Navy's Basic Electricity and Electronics (BE/E) Preparatory School graduates and failures. Subjects included 207 BE/E students--172 graduates and 35 failures. Before these trainees had commenced BE/E School, they were administered six tests of cognitive styles and six tests of cognitive abilities. Measures of cognitive aptitudes for these students consisted of scores obtained on the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery subtests. Measures obtained were used to perform seven stepwise discriminant analyses to determine which linear combination of measures could optimally differentiate BE/E graduates and failures. The discriminate analyses and their associated statistics indicate that BE/E graduates and failures significantly differ in certain cognitive characteristics. Specifically, graduates tend to have (1) field-independent and/or narrow conceptualizing styles; (2) better verbal comprehension, ideational fluency, general reasoning capacity, and/or inductive abilities; and (3) better quantitative, technical, verbal, and/or general aptitudes. A further analysis of correct classification assuming equal probability of failing and graduating and adjusted probability on a priori basis is also reported. (RAO)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Navy Personnel Research and Development Center, San Diego, CA.