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ERIC Number: ED175291
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Basis for Grammaticality Judgments in Adult Second Language Performance.
Krashen, Stephen D.; And Others
Three groups of adult second language learners were administered written tests of their knowledge of the grammar, morphology, and/or phonology of the second language. The tests were designed to distinguish between recognition of correctness based on knowledge of rules and recognition based on intuitive familiarity with the language. In the first test, 52 students of English as a Second Language (ESL) were asked to determine the grammatical acceptibility of sentences containing errors in count/mass and singular/plural distinction, article usage, and tense. Twenty-six percent of judgments were made on the basis of intuition. Eleven intermediate ESL students were then asked to mark English sentences for stress. Although markings were very accurate, subjects were generally unable to adduce a rule to support their decisions. Rule-giving increased when students were re-tested after taking a series of lessons on stress placement rules. Finally, 18 intermediate students of German made rule judgments for 51% of items on inflectional morphology, but for only 35% of items on word order. Implications of these results for determining the place of rules and formal grammatical knowledge in second language learning are discussed. (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A