ERIC Number: ED175160
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Measuring the Equity of School Finance Systems.
Garms, Walter I.
This study reports on a method of measuring the equity of state school finance systems. This method attempts to determine the extent to which the system makes adequate provision for education, treats equals equally, and treats unequals equitably. It presents a multiple regression approach to the problem, which allows each goal of school finance to be examined separately. Four indicators were developed: (1) measures of the extent to which variation in revenue or expenditure per pupil is related to variations in wealth, tax rate, or special needs and costs or is unexplained; (2) measures of operating revenue or expenditure per pupil for all purposes; (3) a measure of average revenue or expenditure per pupil for normal pupils; (4) the weightings implied by additional expenditures for pupils with special needs or in districts with high costs. The measures thus developed are then tried on actual data from four states (Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, and New Mexico) and comparisons made. The problem of explaining the statistical procedure to a layperson is addressed in a chapter that presents the measures in simple and understandable terms. A lengthy appendix contains the measures for the four states, correlation matrices, and univariate and bivariate measures for the four states. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rochester Univ., NY.
Identifiers - Location: Connecticut; Illinois; New Jersey; New Mexico