ERIC Number: ED175081
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Explanation of Educational Changes: Case Studies in the Edgewood School Plan. First Draft.
Bernal, Helen H.; And Others
An external evaluation of a subprogram of the Experimental Schools Program called the Edgewood School Plan, this study attempted to discover the extent to which educational changes can be accurately explained and forecast. A model was constructed containing the three explanatory variables of conditions, decisions, and effects and the criterion variable of support. These were measured through a questionnaire sampling of the perceptions of the school staff. The three aspects of the Edgewood School Plan studied were known as the best paced mathematics project (an individualized approach), the external high school project (an alternative program for dropouts), and the cultural advocacy project (a program emphasizing Mexican American heritage). Item part-whole correlations and the interrelationship among the mean scores of the four variables were calculated. Findings indicated that perceptions concerning the need for proposed change (or the variable "conditions") is the single most powerful explanatory variable affecting adoption of a program. Participation in the decision-making process and perceived effects of the project have less influence on adoption. The study also indicated, however, that when resources and approval are more vital to adoption than perceived general support, the decision-making process becomes the strongest variable. Researchers concluded that change can be predicted through a study of participants' perceptions before adoption. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: D.C. Development Associates, San Antonio, TX.