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ERIC Number: ED175008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-May
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Writing Process of College Basic Writers.
Warters, Susan
To develop empirical data relating to the composing process of college basic writers, a study was conducted involving four community college freshmen. Three of the students were basic writers; the fourth was judged by the faculty to have superior writing ability. The study utilized four types of data: interviews with each subject subsequent to each writing assignment, data provided by J. Emig's "composing aloud" method, the written piece itself, and biographical data on each student. It was found that in the preparation stage, no basic writer spent longer than two minutes before writing, and only one student showed evidence of any sort of planning before beginning to write. The basic writers appeared to view writing as a teacher-imposed task to be dispensed with. Once they began writing, they tended to write straight through with no false starts, rejected lines or paragraphs, or major transformations. The first sentence held special significance as it acted as a way of explaining the task to the writers, and no basic writer ever rejected, transposed, or substantially altered the first sentence once it was written. They spent little time on considerations of punctuation, using only the marks they were sure of. Their undeveloped skills made many of their correcting activities futile. Because basic writers have not developed a sense of language intention, their sense of writing is limited and limiting. They have also excluded prewriting influences from their writing. (TJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Council of Teachers of English (12th, Ottawa, Canada, May 8-11, 1979)