ERIC Number: ED174761
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-May
Reference Count: N/A
Impact of Learning Styles on Air Force Technical Training: Relationships among Cognitive Style Factors and Perceptual Types. Interim Report for Period January 1977 - January 1978.
Ausburn, Lynna J.
A U.S. Air Force study was designed to investigate simultaneously four cognitive styles--field dependence-independence, reflectivity-impulsivity, leveling-sharpening, and visual-haptics. A sample of 206 undergraduate volunteers at the University of Oklahoma were tested with the Successive Perceptual Test I (SPT-I), the Hidden Figures Test (HFT), Matching Familiar Figures (MFF), and the Leveling/Sharpening House Test (LSHT) in order to assess their cognitive styles. The obtained data were analyzed in three stages: (1) chi-square tests were used to compare obtained distributions of visual and haptic perceptual types in the field independent, field dependent, reflective, impulsive, leveling and sharpening groups with Lowenfeld's theoretical distribution of 50% visuals, 25% indefinites, and 25% haptics; (2) four variables of score on HFT, errors on MFF, mean latency on MFF, and leveling-sharpening ratio on LSHT were tested in a step-wise discriminant analysis to determine if they could predict or discriminate between visual and haptic perceptual types; and (3) finally, the relationships among the variables of the study were further explored with a factor analysis. Results indicated that although the constructs overlapped somewhat, each cognitive style has enough unique characteristics that each must be considered individually. It was suggested that when using cognitive styles as a variable in future research with Air Force Technical training, perhaps requirements of specific tasks involved in the training will dictate which of these cognitive styles holds the most promise. (BM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Air Force Human Resources Lab., Lowry AFB, CO. Technical Training Div.
Authoring Institution: Oklahoma Univ., Norman. Coll. of Education.