ERIC Number: ED174339
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Children's Acquisition of Spatial Location Information in an Unfamiliar Environment.
Anooshian, Linda J.; Owens, Cornelius B.
This study examines developmental differences in children's acquired knowledge of two routes of travel through an unfamiliar environmental area. Routes differed in terms of the extent of indirect travel required and were further differentiated in terms of direct and indirect segments of travel within each route. Each route connected four landmarks. It was expected that indirectness of routes would be especially problematic for young children because of frequent perspective changes. The children tested, 16 seven- and eight-year-olds and 16 ten- and eleven-year-olds, were taken from their school to an adjoining apartment complex area. Each child was led two times around a route and was instructed to study and remember the landmark next to that reference site. On the third walk around the route at each site the experimenter set up a telescope and asked the child to point the telescope in the direction of the three other landmarks. A four-way analysis of variance (age group by route by preceding segment by type of pointing) revealed a significant interaction between age group, route, and nature of the preceding route segment. Older children seemed better able to handle perspective changes of indirect routes than younger children. Younger females had difficulty when pointing to the same landmark from difference reference sites, but only if they walked the route which included the longer, indirect segment. Implications of the findings for understanding children's ability to represent relative spatial locations are indicated. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)