ERIC Number: ED173994
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Transactional Engineering for the Language Teacher: The Third Force in Language Teaching.
Jakobovits, Leon A.; Gordon, Barbara Yaffey
Alberta Modern Language Journal, v15 n2 p11-43 Win 1976-77
Talk is proposed as the subject matter of foreign language courses. The key to acquiring liberated expression lies in the assimilation of the learner to the target culture. Once he/she is assimilated, the learner's involvement in a situation matches the involvement of natives of the target culture. For example, faced with some life circumstance the learner notices and interprets the clues of the event as natives do. This standardization process is controlled by the language teacher. As the learner acquires "standardized imaginings" to daily situations, the resultant involvements precipitate spontaneous talk. The pedagogic strategy consists of arranging the learners' social environment so as to provide them with real life exchanges in addition to practice exchanges. Transactional exchanges that are made real have the power to spontaneously evoke topicalization behavior (dialogue). A model is proposed which outlines six stages of language learning. The first three relate to practice talk (differentiating situational units, practicing interactional routines, accumulating ethnicity information) and the second three relate to situated talk (enacting situated exchanges, managing episodal exchanges, executing liberated expression). Illustrative activities are given for each of the six phases. (Author/JB)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Audiolingual Skills, Bilingualism, Classroom Communication, Communicative Competence (Languages), Conversational Language Courses, Cross Cultural Training, Cultural Education, Discourse Analysis, Ethnicity, Language Instruction, Postsecondary Education, Second Language Learning, Speech Communication, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alberta Teachers Association, Edmonton. Modern Language Council.