ERIC Number: ED173890
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Dec
Research, Development and Innovation: Contextual Analysis. Part One.
Radnor, Michael; And Others
Part 1 of a three-part volume for research and development (R & D) systems researchers, this report attempts to provide a basic understanding of the process of contextual analysis for research, development, and innovation. The term "research development and innovation" (RD & I) is used to describe the total process of innovation of which R & D is only a part. Chapter 1 discusses the nature of and bases for a contextual analytical approach to RD & I and describes the comparative contextual analysis framework developed here. The contextual analysis is intended to be a framework for comparison that reveals differences or commonalities in RD & I systems across sectors. A sector is defined as a field of interrelated activities such as the fields of industry, aerospace, or education. The context of RD & I is defined as the totality of features (or significant aspects) of RD & I. A contextual analysis rests on the assumption that each feature affects and is affected by all other features. Chapter 2 analyzes the features that make up the total context of RD & I. These features are environmental influences; historical development; institutional base; goals, policies, and strategies; administrative processes; personnel base; funding; information flow; innovations; and functions. Identified as functions of RD & I are need identification, generation or research, development, production, marketing or dissemination, acquisition, implementation or utilization, support services, and evaluation research. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Administration, Communication (Thought Transfer), Comparative Analysis, Environmental Influences, Evaluation, Information Dissemination, Innovation, Marketing, Needs Assessment, Objectives, Personnel, Policy, Production Techniques, Program Development, Research, Research Utilization, Theories
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Science and Technology.