ERIC Number: ED173760
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Black English Dialect Differences on the Reading Achievement of Disadvantaged Black Pupils from Average and Below Average Reading Groups.
Belcher, Mary S.
Eighty disadvantaged black third grade students were administered both reading achievement and oral language tests to determine whether the phonology, morphology, and grammar of Black English dialect have more effect on the below-average readers of the group than on those students making satisfactory reading progress. Student scores on the "Metropolitan Reading Achievement Test" were used to divide the sample population into 40 average readers and 40 below-average readers. "The Gross Pronunciation Test of Dialect Speech" and "A Measure of Standard English Proficiency" were used to evaluate the students' Black English phonology-morphology differences and their use of grammatical structures. In general, the pupils from the below-average reading groups received lower mean scores on all variables than did the pupils in the average reading groups. The findings suggest that, in addition to such factors as intelligence, social adjustment, sensory disorders, and environment, Black English dialect may contribute to reading failure of disadvantaged black students. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Research prepared at Texas Southern University