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ERIC Number: ED173749
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Pages: 56
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
On Comprehension.
Kintsch, Walter
Attempts have been made to develop a model of the process of reading comprehension as a whole that would indicate under what conditions and for what reasons a long sentence might be more effective than several short ones, when repetition is helpful and when distracting, when content is better left implicit in a text, and how overexplicitness might confuse readers. The model relies primarily on two sets of empirical observations -- the time it takes people to read texts and what they can later recall, and attempts to accurately predict reading time and recall data. The reader's goals are represented as schemata, and statistically significant correlations have been found between the following six predictor variables of the model and reading difficulty: the number of reinstatements, word frequency, proposition density, inferences, number of processing cycles, and the number of different arguments. Of these factors, reinstatements, inferences, and the number of processing cycles are deemed most important and worthy of future research. (Numerous diagrams are included to illustrate processes defined by the model.) (DF)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979)