ERIC Number: ED173586
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Measuring the Impact of Employment-Related Social Programs. A Primer on the Evaluation of Employment and Training, Vocational Education, Vocational Rehabilitation, and Other Job-Oriented Programs.
Borus, Michael E.
An approach and methodology for the systematic measurement of the impact of employment-related social programs is presented in this primer. Chapter 1 focuses on evaluation as the third step (the first two being planning and operation) in the process of program implementation. Chapter 2 examines the impacts of social programs. Topics include defining the goals and impacts of employment-related programs, source of impact definitions, defining whose impacts will be measured, and the listing of potential benefits from employment-related programs. Chapter 3 discusses evaluation design. Presented is information on different designs, the choice of an experimental group, the timing of impact measurement, collecting data on impacts, sample size, and the choice of independent variables. Chapter 4 examines the costs of social programs. Topics include estimating opportunity-costs, measuring the increment in costs, calculating marginal costs, and examining the costs of the first program participants. Finally, chapter 5 presents a suggested schema for comparing program benefits and costs. Discussion includes assigning value to future impacts and costs, accounting for externalities, and making program decisions. Concluding the chapter is a summary outline for evaluating the impact of employment-related programs. (JH)
Descriptors: Administrator Guides, Cost Effectiveness, Employment Programs, Evaluation Methods, Program Costs, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Research Design, Social Services, Vocational Education, Vocational Rehabilitation
W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge Ave., Kalamazoo, Michigan 49007 ($3.50; 10-25 copies, 10% off; 26-50, 15%; 51-100, 20%; over 100, 25%)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.