ERIC Number: ED173539
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
The Guidance Needs of Women. Information Series No. 149.
Harmon, Lenore W.
Both internal and external barriers prevent women from utilizing equal opportunity. Counselors, teachers, administrators, and researchers must understand the guidance needs of women so that they can help them overcome these barriers. Career and cognitive development theories require individuals to pass through several stages, and according to Maslow's theory, all individuals are subject to the same hierarchy of needs. When counselors are aware of these stages and needs, they can help their female clients first by assessing the status of their development, and then by helping them develop their vocational self-concept. After achieving this goal, counselors can then assess their clients' interests, values, and skills and develop individualized plans for them. The most subtle problem that counselors face is how to present the real barriers that exist in the world of work and in the wife/mother role without discouraging female clients from trying new job roles. Specific recommendations to aid counselors, teachers, administrators, and researchers in comprehending and meeting the guidance needs of women include (1) being aware of the facts of female employment, of the special skill needs of women and of their need for reinforcement; (2) challenging developers of counseling and curricular materials to eliminate sex stereotyping; and (3) developing support groups and programs to develop specific personal skills. (This paper is one in a series of sixteen knowledge transformation papers.) (ELG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Opinion Papers; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Occupational and Adult Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Note: For related documents see CE 019 603-618