ERIC Number: ED173533
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Least Restrictive Alternative for Handicapped Students. Information Series No. 143.
Tindall, Lloyd W.; Gugerty, John J.
One of a series of sixteen knowledge transformation papers, this paper examines the concept of the least restrictive alternative for handicapped students as it applies to vocational education and provides representative models of service delivery systems. First, the origin of the least restrictive environment concept is traced, including the philosophy behind it, the role of the courts and legislation, and the influences of research, and of the search for racial equality. Next, vocational programs and materials are summarized that have attempted to provide least restrictive alternatives for the handicapped. Included are descriptions of the current research literature; textbooks and handbooks; professional development programs; workshops; the role of the paraprofessional; competency-based programs; models for delivery of services; techniques for teaching the trainable mentally retarded; work experience programs; two projects, one in Minnesota and one in Wisconsin; barriers to the successful completion of vocational programs by the handicapped; and the right of the handicapped to employment. Based on the author's experience, three areas are identified as basic to developing least restrictive vocational services: (1) preservice and inservice training; (2) development of a prescription foundation; and (3) teacher preparation for work with handicapped students. Recommendations are offered in the areas of planning, staff development, curriculum, and instructional materials. An extensive list of references is provided at the end. (ELG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Occupational and Adult Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Note: For related documents see CE 019 604-618