ERIC Number: ED173263
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Participants' Versus Nonparticipants' Perception of Teacher Nonverbal Behavior.
Clark, Bettye Mathis; Creswell, John L.
It was hypothesized that the perception of the nonverbal behavior of the teacher held by the student may differ from the perception held by an outside observer. This study was designed to compare participant and nonparticipant observers' perception of teacher nonverbal behavior as having encouraging or discouraging affect qualities during a teacher-learning process. Five ninth-grade teachers volunteered to participate in the study. Seven students were randomly selected from the stimulus teacher's class, and seven former teachers were chosen as the nonparticipant observers. Video tapes of regular classroom behaviors of teachers and their interaction were made. After editing, the tapes were viewed by the students of the class (participants) and the nonparticipating observers. Questionnaires designed to reveal how the nonverbal behaviors of the teacher were interpreted by the students and observers were filled out following the viewing. The findings suggest that participants and nonparticipants do not perceive the nonverbal behavior of the teacher similarly. The findings of the study also show that it is possible to define and demonstrate the relevance of a number of nonverbal cues that each group of raters used as predictors or reasons for their assessment of the teachers' behavior. Appendix A presents the table used for rating teacher behavior and the cues responsible for ratings. Appendix B contains a presentation of the responses of the students to the questionnaire. (JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A