ERIC Number: ED173033
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: N/A
Determining Pupil Participation Through School Mapping Procedures.
Iqbal, Shahid; Eastmond, Jefferson N.
As part of the project to universalize primary education in Pakistan by the mid-1980's, 1977 participation rates of boys and girls in rural primary schools in the Federal Capitol Territory have been determined through school mapping procedures. In three of four Territorial headquarters areas about 35% of boys and between 7% and 16% of girls attend primary school. In the fourth area, 17% of boys and 28% of girls attend. For the four rural areas combined, 35% of boys and 13% of girls go to school, as compared to attendance rates of 51% for boys and 49% for girls in the city of Islamabad. Among all Territorial primary aged children, only 39% of boys and 23% of girls attend school. Many rural children, especially those in remote areas and girls in general, are denied educational opportunities because of lack of schools or inefficient organization and operation of existing schools. All districts in Pakistan should initiate a similar mapping study in order to describe the present situation and determine what has to be done to improve the educational opportunities for rural children. These studies should be the basis for all educational development in Pakistan. (SB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Attendance, Attendance Patterns, Cartography, Developing Nations, Dropout Research, Educational Development, Educational Needs, Educationally Disadvantaged, Equal Education, Males, Primary Education, Research Methodology, Rural Education, School Holding Power, Womens Education
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ministry of Education, Islamabad (Pakistan). Bureau of Educational Planning.
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan