ERIC Number: ED172988
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Where Have All the Farmworkers Gone? (The Statistical Annihilation of Hired Farmworkers). An Analysis of the Federal Effort to Define and Count Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers. Research Report No. 1.
Rural America, Inc., Washington, DC.
Federal statistical services grossly underestimate the size of the farmworker population; as a result, the current federal farmworker programs (CETA, Migrant Education, Migrant Headstart, Farm Labor Housing, and Migrant Health) are unable to identify a total target population in need of services and unable to allocate funds in ways which reflect the actual needs of the migrant and seasonal farmworker (MSFW) population. Population underestimation is directly attributable to the use of arbitrary and restrictive definitions of "farmwork,""seasonality," and "migrancy" and to the practice of counting the jobs available for hired agriculture labor rather than the agricultural laborers. A new model, constructed by refining and combining data currently used by the federal farmworker programs, produces estimates of the farmworker population 34% higher than the highest federal statistical services estimate and more than 6 times higher than the lowest estimate. The federal government should produce uniform standards for defining the MFSW population, gather demographic and socio-economic data for the population, and attempt to identify all eligible farmworkers and their families. (JH)
Descriptors: Agricultural Laborers, Census Figures, Classification, Definitions, Eligibility, Employment Statistics, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Migrant Education, Migrant Health Services, Migrant Housing, Migrant Workers, Occupational Information, Occupational Surveys, Population Distribution, Resource Allocation, Seasonal Employment, Seasonal Laborers, State Aid, State of the Art Reviews, Tables (Data)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rural America, Inc., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Comprehensive Employment and Training Act