ERIC Number: ED172982
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-May
Reference Count: 0
Education of Handicapped Children in Rural Areas.
Schrag, Judy; And Others
A complex and multi-faceted problem faces those seeking to provide special education to the thousands of handicapped children residing in the nation's rural areas. The major challenge facing rural administrators is how to deliver special education effectively to small numbers of handicapped children who are probably scattered geographically. A rural district may contain a wide range of handicapped conditions spread over multiple grade levels; few teachers can deal with such a diverse array of conditions. Rural districts tend to be those lowest in income and cannot easily supply facilities or special equipment or recruit specialists to provide the range of special educational services required by state and federal laws. Regionalization of several school districts can allow for a wider range of services, but often the distances involved are prohibitive. Federal, state, and court mandates have given rise to a number of training, analysis, and resource coordinating activities, and the 1970's have been a time of great expansion and change in special education for rural areas. The U.S. Bureau of Education for the Handicapped has invested in such endeavors as 16 Regional Resources Centers, 19 Direction Service Centers, and a number of collaborative agreements with other major federal agencies. Efforts undertaken within individual states are described at the conclusion of this document and the author lists a number of recommendations for future efforts. (DS)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Court Litigation, Delivery Systems, Educational Finance, Exceptional Child Education, Federal Legislation, Government Role, Handicap Identification, Handicapped Students, Policy Formation, Regional Schools, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Special Education, State Legislation, State of the Art Reviews, Teacher Certification, Teacher Education
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Elementary and Secondary Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.; National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Office of the Assistant Secretary for Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Rural Education Seminar (College Park, Maryland, 29-31 May 1979)