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ERIC Number: ED172958
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Temperament and Child-Rearing Antecedents of Two-Year-Olds' Reactions to Male and Female Strangers.
Lemly, Elizabeth Baker; Schwarz, J. Conrad
Two-year-olds' reactions to strangers were related to ratings of their emotionality, sociability and activity and to ratings of parental love and control by both fathers and mothers. Each child received two sessions with strangers, one male and one female. Four times per session a stranger, in a friendly manner, approached each child as it sat in a highchair. Children did not react differently to male and female strangers. Parental ratings of child-rearing practices correlated significantly with the children's responses on the first session but not on the second. Parental ratings of children's temperaments, however, did correlate significantly with responses on the second session. It thus appears that social interactions with parents may influence initial reactions to strangers, whereas subsequent responses to strangers may be more consistent with children's enduring behavioral predispositions, particularly their emotionality and sociability. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)