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ERIC Number: ED172946
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Longitudinal Study of Moral Judgment.
Colby, Anne; And Others
Findings of this 20-year longitudinal study support Kohlberg's theoretical predictions of invariant structural consistency of subjects' responses to hypothetical moral dilemmas. Subjects were 58 American males chosen in 1955 according to age, social class and sociometric status. They were 10, 13, or 16 years of age at Time 1. Half of each age group were upper middle class, half working class. Half the subjects in each age and SES group were sociometric stars, half were sociometric isolates. Subjects were interviewed every 4 years between 1956 and 1977. Each interview included the presentation of nine hypothetical moral dilemmas with follow-up questions to probe the subject's reasoning. The Standard Form Scoring Manual (1978) was used to stage score the interviews. All scoring was done blind for each individual dilemma. A central point of the longitudinal analysis was to demonstrate the reliability and validity of the scoring system. If a stage is a structural whole, the individual should be consistent over various stimuli and occasions for testing. Reliability data are consistent with this requirement. Results indicate that in no case on either form did a subject reach a stage without having gone through each preceding stage. Almost all of the scores assigned an interview were at two adjacent stages. People seem in their development to go through certain qualitatively distant stages of moral reasoning. Development seems to be highly regular from stage to stage and highly consistent at each stage level. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)