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ERIC Number: ED172917
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Changes in Conceptual Tempo Over Time: Development vs. Logical Familiarization.
Wright, John C.; And Others
Age-related and test-retest changes in reflection and impulsivity were investigated among preschool and school age subjects and senior adults. A study of each age group was conducted using either the Matching Familiar Figures test (MFF) or the Kansas Reflection-Impulsivity Scale for Preschoolers (KRISP). In all three studies the procedure was to administer the tests individually on four occasions separated by 10 to 20 days. Results are compared to normative MFF data which indicate a sequence of two strategic shifts with age: first, a shift from relatively fast, inaccurate (impulsive) responding to slow, accurate (reflective) response; and then a shift from slow-accurate (reflective) to fast-accurate (efficient) responding. Results of Study 1 resemble the normative data. In Study 2 only the efficiency shift occurred. The reflection shift is prominant in Study 3, while the efficiency shift, though present, is not by itself significant. Similar results were found in the test-retest comparisons. The occurrence of the same shifts at different ages indicates that the shifts in strategy occur not so much as a consequence of age-linked developmental changes in preferred strategies, but more as a consequence of the discovery of optimal strategies for a particular kind of task at a particular level of difficulty. The changes found in the normative data and in this study may be a necessary sequence of strategy development at any age. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)