ERIC Number: ED172612
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Social Research and Public Policy-Making: An Overview; Yale Higher Education Research Group Working Paper.
Premfors, Rune I. T.
Reasons for underutilization of social research in public policy-making and the complexity of the concept of utilization are discussed. Among the factors affecting underutilization are the limitations of the social sciences and shortcomings of specific policy research. A common explanation of underutilization is the allegedly long-established neglect on the part of government of the potential contributions of social research. Another limit on research utilization is the fact that time is often a very scarce resource in policy-making. Additionally, research is also costly; the fragmented character of policy-making works to the disadvantage of research-based knowledge; and sophisticated social research methodologies are difficult for policy-makers to assess. Underutilization or nonutilization of social research is also thought to be due to the differences in values, language, reward systems, and professional affiliations between policy-makers and researchers. It is noted that social research is almost always used for partisan purposes in the policy process, and that the role of research can only be understood within the context of the entire policy process. (SW)
Descriptors: Policy Formation, Public Policy, Research Problems, Research Utilization, Social Science Research, Social Sciences
Higher Education Research Group, Institution for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University, 1732 Yale Station, New Haven, CT 06520
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Yale Univ., New Haven, CT. Inst. for Social and Policy Studies.
Note: A modified version of this paper will appear in the Swedish Journal of Political Science