ERIC Number: ED172497
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Changes in Adaptive Behavior Among Mentally Retarded Adults in Community Living Arrangements.
Baldwin, Norman F.
Seventy mildly to severely mentally retarded adults living in group homes and apartments throughout Pennsylvania were evaluated with an instrument to assess adaptive behavior (Assessment of Basic Competence Scale) on two occasions separated by a 6-month interval. Prior to the initial assessment, direct-service staff participated in a 4-day workshop concerning behavior change strategies. During the next 6 months, staff were offered follow-through consultation regarding implementation of the strategies. Results indicated the following findings: multivariate and univariate differences between residents of group homes and residents of apartments with the latter group showing higher scores on two variables (food preparation and sexual awareness); multivariate and univariate differences between initial and followup adaptive behavior assessments with gains occurring on 27 variables for residents of group homes and apartments; and no differential magnitude of change in adaptive behavior of residents living in group homes compared to apartments. (Author/CL)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Adults, Behavior Change, Community Programs, Group Homes, Mental Retardation, Research Projects, Staff Development
CLA Staff Training Program, Program for Social Science, Pennsylvania State University, Capitol Campus, W-352, Middletown, Pennsylvania 17057
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pennsylvania State Dept. of Public Welfare, Harrisburg. Office of Mental Retardation.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., Middletown. Capitol Campus.
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Canada, August, 1978)