ERIC Number: ED172496
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Adaptive Behavior Changes of Mentally Retarded Citizens in Community Residences.
Baldwin, Norman F.
Effects of inservice training and consultation with 33 staff members involved with 97 mildly to severely mentally retarded children and adults living in group homes and apartments throughout Pennsylvania were examined. Training focused on behavior management and group dynamic strategies for skill development and alteration of socially aversive behavior among residents. Results of pre- and posttests of adaptive behavior revealed significant multivariate and univariate gains in adaptive behavior of the residents as well as differences across both assessments combined, between apartments and group homes. Gains were noted for the following behavior areas: language, time measures, writing, reading, shopping, financial dealings, social initiative, cleanliness, care of clothes, health, peer attitudes, and dominance. Overall level of six adaptive behavior dimensions appeared to be highest for residents of adult apartments, followed in descending order by adult short-term group homes, adult long-term group homes and children's residences. (CL)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Adolescents, Adults, Behavior Change, Children, Community Programs, Exceptional Child Research, Inservice Education, Mental Retardation, Staff Development
CLA Staff Training Program, Program for Social Science, Pennsylvania State University, Capitol Campus, W-352, Middletown, Pennsylvania 17057
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pennsylvania State Dept. of Public Welfare, Harrisburg. Office of Mental Retardation.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., Middletown. Capitol Campus.
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Canada, August, 1978)