ERIC Number: ED172392
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Nov-6
Reference Count: N/A
Planning and Development as Problem-Solving Strategies in Education. A Report on the Richmond (Virginia) Experience.
Gish, Elmer H.; Hunter, Richard C.
This paper deals with the events that led to a need for problem-solving measures in the Richmond, Virginia, Public Schools, and describes the planning strategies that have evolved since 1973. Events of the late 1960s and early 70s that had a major impact on the school system included three changes of superintendents (that brought three reorganizations), court-ordered desegregation plans, court-ordered annexation, and a court suit seeking consolidation of the metropolitan school systems. The fall of 1973 marked the beginning of the massive planning project. The development of the school system's educational planning capability can be viewed in two stages, each described in this report. Stage 1 was known as the Educational Services Priority Planning Program or ESP-3 and was based almost entirely on a participatory planning strategy. Stage 2 of the development of planning capability was a more formalized approach and is considered in this paper as having begun with the formation of a department of planning and development. (Author/MLF)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A