ERIC Number: ED172359
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Apr-11
Reference Count: N/A
System Change, System Linkage and Program Implementation. Draft.
Louis, Karen Seashore; And Others
Several aspects of unplanned system change in schools are investigated in this paper. Researchers relied heavily on current theoretical perspectives on the nature of educational systems, particularly those that emphasize the "loosely coupled" nature of educational organizations. Two hypotheses were tested. The first is that natural system change over a short period of time will exhibit characteristics of loose linkage and that change in one system characteristic will not be significantly associated with changes in other system characteristics. The second was that there will be negative relationships between the level of system change and the level of implementation of planned program change. The research was based on a secondary analysis of data previously collected to examine a planned change program. Teachers in 45 schools located in 10 rural school districts completed questionnaires, and onsite ethnographers collected structured data about program implementation. Analysis revealed no evidence to suggest that changes in one part of the system reverberate throughout the system, but patterns of association among some parts were apparent. The data also indicated that it is reasonable to expect either changes in the characteristics of the organization or in the technology of the organization but to attempt both types simultaneously is unrealistic. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.