ERIC Number: ED172296
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Procedural Messages in Small Group Interaction.
Putnam, Linda L.
Three studies were conducted to ascertain the relationship between predisposition for group work climate and the types of procedural messages that group members employ. In the studies, expectations about group work procedures fell into two categories: high procedural order (HPO) and low procedural order (LPO). Each category consisted of four properties. For HPO the properties were use of planned, sequential patterns for organizing tasks; concern for time management; an emphasis on regular procedures; and an emphasis on clarifying procedures. The four LPO properties were use of chain-association patterns for developing ideas, flexibility in establishing and changing plans, oblivion to time constraints, and vacillation between task and socioemotional issues. Individual expectations for group work climate were derived from scores on the Group Procedural Order Questionnaire (GPOQ). In the first study, analysis of interaction across six small-group meetings demonstrated that HPO subjects initiated HPO statements, while LPO subjects generated socioemotional ones. In the second study, HPO subjects surpassed LPO ones in their use of procedural clarification acts, their application of goal-related statements, and their reliance on general headings to introduce new topics. In the third study, LPO subjects employed a high frequency of interruptions, multiple-conversations, and topic changes, whereas HPO members produced messages that pertained to agendas, lists of alternatives, and task deadlines. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Central States Speech Association (St. Louis, Missouri, April 5-7, 1979)