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ERIC Number: ED172172
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Use of Masked Materials to Develop Insights in Word Attack and Reading Comprehension.
Bernath, Marjorie Klein
A study involving 238 fourth grade pupils was conducted to determine whether a relationship exists between the use of instruction with masked materials and pupils' word recognition and comprehension. The pupils were placed into either an experimental or a control group. Each group was administered a pretest to measure reading rate, to insure that all subjects could read and comprehend at or above the second grade level, and to make comparisons with posttest performance. The control group took the posttest, consisting of a 100-word passage in which every fifth word had been masked and a comprehension test, immediately. The experimental group first participated in the treatment, which consisted of the entire group working together to figure out what the masked words were in a passage and discussing how they made their decisions, then took the posttest. It was found that subjects in the experimental group showed significantly higher mean scores on both the masked and comprehension posttests, that subjects with greater reading speed showed significantly higher means on the masked posttest than those who read more slowly, that the pretest had significant predictive value on both posttests, and that socioeconomic status had a significant effect on comprehension posttest scores but not on masked posttest scores. (TJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Research prepared at California State University, Northridge