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ERIC Number: ED172148
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Importance of Cognitive Styles Research for Understanding Reading Process.
Garner, Ruth
The increase in studies of the interaction of readers' prior knowledge systems with language cues in print has been a significant trend in reading research. Current research questions reflect the belief that the prior knowledge systems of readers are a principal determinant of what a reader can learn and remember from text. Cognitive style research and reading research unite in examining individual differences in language processing; the question is "how" readers bring prior knowledge to bear on text, rather than "what" knowledge in particular is used. Research has found that field-dependent and field-independent individuals differ not only in information processing, but in such activities as dreaming, using defense mechanisms, social interaction, and decision making. Recent research has also investigated the failure to comprehend multiple-meaning words, the conceptual tempo dimension, the preferability of the reflective or impulsive style as depending on the sort of task at hand, and bias in the extent to which one utilizes knowledge schemata as a source of style difference in processing. (DF)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979)