ERIC Number: ED172124
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug-28
Reference Count: 0
Meaning of Success; A Comparison of Attitudes Among Women in Male-Dominated and Female-Dominated Occupations.
Wood, Marion M.; Greenfeld, Susan T.
Since the reemergence of the women's movement in the early 1970's, it has been necessary to reexamine women's definitions of success and attitudes toward work across a spectrum of traditional and non-traditional jobs. Three basic hypotheses were tested: women in female-dominated jobs (1) have higher fear of success imagery and (2) attach more importance to socioexpressive factors of success, but (3) place less emphasis on instrumental task factors of success than do women in male-dominated jobs. Data were gathered through a Profile Questionnaire and a projective test. Significant differences were found only in emphasis on instrumental task factors of success. Women in male-dominated jobs indicated a higher need to define success as "recognition from others on the job,""becoming an authority,""achieveing a high salary," and "obtaining a title of responsibility." (Author/LS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978)