ERIC Number: ED172102
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Interrole Conflict for Dual Career Couples: The Effects of Gender and Parenthood.
Holahan, Carole K.; Gilbert, Lucia A.
The newly-emerging phenomenon of dual-career marriages was investigated using four major life roles--Professional, Spouse, Parent, and Self as Self-Actualized Person. Six scales were constructed to measure potential conflict in areas represented by specific pairs of these roles (e.g., the area of Professional versus Parent). One major purpose of the study was to compare the degree of reported stress in these areas of potential interrole conflict. In addition to the prediction of gender differences, greater role conflict was anticipated for professional couples who are parents, in comparison to those who are not. Given the demanding nature of the Parent and Professional roles, higher stress was also expected in role-conflict areas involving these roles. Other purposes were to investigate the correlates of role conflict, particularly in women who are members of dual-career marriages, and to investigate the influence of parenthood. The prediction of gender differences in regard to areas and correlates of interrole conflict was not supported, except for level of career aspiration, where high aspirations were negatively related to role conflict for men but positively related to role conflict for women. Strikingly different patterns of conflict, however, were found as a function of the presence or absence of children. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Texas Univ., Austin. Hogg Foundation for Mental Health.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin.
Note: Not available in paper copy; Parts may not reproduce clearly due to print quality