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ERIC Number: ED172059
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Performance Attributions as a Function of Task and Performer's Sex.
Cann, Arnie; Pearce, Lorena
Attributions of causes of successful task performances as a function of task and sex of the performer were investigated. Introductory psychology students (N=157) were presented with closed-circuit, videotaped episodes in which a male or female stimulus person performed a card-guessing task for 10 trials. Subjects heard the task described to the "subject" by a male experimenter as a luck- or skill-based task and than predicted the likely performance of the "subject." Actual trials followed with the success rate programmed by the experimenter; the subjects also evaluated the performance of the "subject." The four independent variables in the 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 factorial design were task, outcome, stimulus person, and sex of subject. Results indicated that: (1) successful females are seen as lucky when compared to male counterparts achieving the same level of performance; (2) observers expected females to be superior on luck-tasks and males to be superior on skill-tasks; and (3) ability, effort, and task difficulty were more relevant for performance on the skill task. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978); Best copy available