ERIC Number: ED171871
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr-12
The Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement.
White, Karl R.
Meta-analysis techniques for integrating research findings are utilized in this report to determine the magnitude of the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and academic achievement. Also investigated are the factors which contribute to the large amount of variance in previously reported correlations between these two variables. Over 100 studies yielding 636 correlation coefficients are included in the meta-analysis. Findings indicate that the relationship between SES and academic achievement is probably much weaker than many people have assumed. Findings also indicate that the variance in reported correlations between SES and academic achievement are due to the fact that most of the significant variables which influence the strength of the correlation are directly under the researcher's control. Recommendations concerning the most appropriate way of using measures of SES in future research applications are made. (Author/EB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 12, 1979)