ERIC Number: ED171799
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Development and Structure of Professional Examinations Planned for National Use.
Hecht, James T.
The process typically employed by testing services in developing professional tests for national use is described: (1) determination of professional standards; (2) development of test specifications; (3) test construction; (4) test registration and administration; and (5) scoring, analysis, and reporting. To determine professional standards, input should be obtained from members of the profession; adequate minority group opinions solicited; standards refined; and discussions leading to consensus encouraged. Considerations in developing test specifications include the purpose of the examination; the nature of the test results, number of test items and time needed to administer the test; type of test items; the definitions of content and skill domains; test item characteristics, such as format, difficulty, and discrimination; test reliability; and test validity--including face validity, content validity, and criterion related validity. Steps in developing test specifications include preparing a preliminary test outline; initiating a test specification workshop; and following up the workshop with clarification and refinement of specifications. Test construction involves test item development; field testing; test assembly; and printing. Test registration and administration involves registering examinees; establishing test centers; and administering the test. The final step involves scoring, analyses, and reporting of results. (MH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education (San Francisco, California, April, 1979)