ERIC Number: ED171761
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Nov-30
Reference Count: N/A
An Information Processing Approach to Performance Assessment: II. An Investigation of Encoding and Retrieval Processes in Memory. Technical Report No. 2, November 16, 1977 through November 30, 1978.
Fernandes, Kathleen; Rose, Andrew M.
An information processing approach was applied to the development and validation of a test battery intended for personnel selection, classification, and guidance; and design of training programs. The approach specifies that tests should measure specific cognitive processes and basic abilities, rather than prior experience. Tests should be short, easy to administer, statistically independent, and reliable. Taken as a whole, the test should not be designed to predict ability or interest in a particular job. Twenty-two adults were tested twice on the following tasks: (1) free recall (control, concrete and abstract); (2) running recognition; (3) interference susceptibility; (4) list differentiation; (5) situational frequency; and (6) memory span. The tasks were evaluated for ease of administering and scoring, replicability, and ability to measure individual differences. All tasks passed the first criterion and all but task 3 passed the second; however, most were unable to demonstrate individual differences on a variety of attributes--they seemed more related to a general encoding and storage skill. All but task 3 were selected for the battery. (Sample items from each task are appended.) (CP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Washington, DC.