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ERIC Number: ED171400
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Language Acquisition Strategies May Not Be Universal--Statement Verification in English and Japanese.
Akiyama, M. Michael
This study attempts to assess the developmental psycholinguistics hypothesis that language acquisition strategies are universal. Four types of statements were focused upon: (1) true affirmative statements (e.g., "You are a child"), (2) false affirmative statements ("You are a baby"), (3) false negative statements ("You aren't a child"), and (4) true negative statements ("You aren't a baby"). It was predicted that these types of statements would be acquired in the foregoing order. Eighteen English-speaking and 18 Japanese-speaking children (3 and 4 years of age) were asked to verify (by saying "right" or "wrong") 14 statements from each of the four types. Based on error rates, the English-speaking children seemed to fit the predicted pattern but the Japanese-speaking children made fewer errors with true negative statements than with false negative statements. These results are taken to imply strongly that language acquisition strategies are not always universal. An alternative model to explain the Japanese data is proposed in which Japanese speakers represent negations differently from English speakers. Two theories are suggested to account for this difference. (Author/BH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)