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ERIC Number: ED171395
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Development of Sex Differences in Response to an Infant and to the Caretaker Role.
Berman, Phyllis W.; And Others
This followup study examines the differences between preschool girls and boys in their responses to infants. Thirty-eight day care children (boys and girls age 3 1/2 to 5 1/2 years were observed during individual play in a small play area with a male or female toddler mature enough to interact with the preschoolers socially. The children's behavior was observed in two situations: first during 6 minutes of spontaneous play, and then for 3 minutes after being asked to "take care of the baby for a few minutes so we can work." Since boys were expected (on the basis of previous data) to become less responsive to babies at approximately age 4-1/2, subjects were divided into age groups above and below age 4-1/2. There were nine older boys and nine older girls (age 4-1/2 to 5-1/2 years) and 10 younger boys and 10 younger girls (age 3-1/2 to 4-1/2). It was hypothesized that: (1) sex differences would be dependent on age, and would be present only in the older group; (2) older girls would interact with babies more than younger girls, and older boys would interact less than the younger boys; and (3) the caretaking assignment would further increase differences between sex and age groups. Results show that, in the main, the hypotheses were verified. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)