ERIC Number: ED171376
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Jan-17
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Exposure to Prekindergarten on Five Social Competency Factors. Technical Paper No. 8.
Flint, David L.; And Others
This study tests the general hypothesis that preschool experience has a measurable effect upon children's noncognitive development between the time they enter and the time they leave the preschool program. The California Preschool Competency Scale (CPSCS) was administered to 4-year-old children in a prekindergarten program (PreK) in the fall of 1975 and to a sample of 1,402 of the children in the spring of 1976. It had previously been shown that the CPSCS breaks down into five dimensions when the item scores are factor analyzed. The factors were labeled Considerateness, Task Orientation, Extraversion, Verbal, and Response to the Unfamiliar. Five predictor variables were selected. The predictor variable of main interest, exposure to PreK, was differentiated from two other variables, total scheduled time in preschool and total calendar days from program entry to time of rating. Age and mother's education were employed as control variables. A multiple linear regression approach was used to identify relations between factors and predictor variables. Neither Considerateness nor Response to the Unfamiliar had any significant relationship to any of the five predictor variables. The control variables accounted for nearly all of the variance in the Task Orientation factor. A positive relationship did appear between exposure to PreK and the spring 1976 ratings on extraversion and, to a larger extent, verbal competence. It is concluded that the analysis has isolated the areas of social competency on which PreK has an effect. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York State Education Dept., Albany.