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ERIC Number: ED171163
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Second Language Learning Objectives.
Massey, D. Anthony
Alberta Modern Language Journal, v17 n2 p6-25 Win 1978-79
The primary objective of foreign language learning, social communication, requires that experiences be simulated in the classroom. Before such simulations can be constructed, the teacher has to know what is involved when people communicate, in other words, the nature of the language act. This paper analyzes the situational, syntactical, and semantic components of a language act, based particularly on research by Papo Ferenczi and D.A. Wilkins. The situational components discussed are both sociocultural and psycholinguistic. The sociocultural elements (location, time, sequence of events, means of communication used, reference, status, degree of acquaintance, and needs) are more predictable by the participants than are the psycholinguistic elements (likely beneficiary, affective involvement and reciprocal roles). On the other hand, the psycholinguistic elements permit a greater imposition of the personality of the speaker. Because participants are not entirely at the mercy of the situation, they can often choose lexical and grammatical forms in terms of their own aims and the topics or "notions" they wish to speak or write about. The meaning that can be conveyed in the uttering of a sentence is analyzed under three categories: ideational, modal and communicative. An explanation of these types includes applications to possible situations in a foreign language class. (AMH)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Modern Language Council (October 21, 1978)