ERIC Number: ED171135
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Errors Made by Finnish University Students in the Use of the English Article System. Further Contrastive Papers, Jyvaskyla Contrastive Studies, 5. Reports from the Department of English, No. 7.
Errors made by Finnish university students in the use of the English article were analyzed using two types of error analyses: a traditional type of error analysis to provide an overall view of the errors found in students' compositions; and a multiple-choice test devised on the basis of the findings and shortcomings of the first test. With the first test, the number of correct responses are unknown, but with the second test, the errors are compared with the correct uses of the article. For the first test, data were collected from literature examination answers provided by 90 students of English from all levels of study. The second test was given to 45 first-year students of English, and test items chiefly represented generic and unique references, as well as other frozen uses of the article. Errors are described in terms of: (1) the total number of errors classified according to linguistic categories, (2) hierarchy of difficulty based on relative frequencies in test two, (3) errors classified according to the strategies employed by students, and (4) hierarchy of difficulty based on the strategies employed by the students. Strategies included omission of "a" and "the," addition of "a" and "the,""a" instead of "the," and "the" instead of "a." Defects in the present teaching system and suggestions for improvement are offered based on the findings. (SW)
Descriptors: Determiners (Languages), English (Second Language), Error Analysis (Language), Finnish, Function Words, Grammar, Higher Education, Language Research, Language Skills, Morphology (Languages), Sentence Structure, Structural Analysis, Syntax
Department of English, University of Jyvaskyla, 40100 Jyvaskyla 10, Finland
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Jyvaskyla Univ. (Finland). Dept. of English.